This site uses cookies for user authentication, optional permanent login and monitoring the number of page views (Google Analytics).
Do you agree with cookies being used in accordance with our Privacy policy? You can change your decision regarding the use of cookies on the Privacy page.

I want to know more

Horizons of Psychology :: Psihološka obzorja

Scientific and Professional Psychological Journal of the Slovenian Psychologists' Association

Indexed in:
Scopus
PsycINFO
Academic OneFile

Member of DOAJ and CrossRef

sien
CONTENTS FOR AUTHORS ABOUT EDITORIAL BOARD LINKS

Search

My Account

Most viewed articles

 

« Back to Volume 30 (2021)

flag Pojdi na slovensko stran članka / Go to the article page in Slovene


Pediatric medical stress and trauma

Jana Škorjanc, Ivana Kreft Hausmeister & Sandra Klašnja

pdf Full text (pdf)  |  Views: 33  |  flagWritten in Slovene.  |  Published: June 23, 2021

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.542  |  Cited By: CrossRef (0)

Abstract: Events related to various illnesses, injuries and chronic conditions, as well as related treatment and medical interventions, represent the most common potential traumatic experiences in childhood. In the article, the author inquires about the occurrence of traumatic stress and medical trauma in children and their families. A theoretical model of long-term somatic threat designed to distinguish between medical trauma and trauma not caused by medical events can be used to identify medical trauma. Various studies report that up to 80% of children and their families experience some traumatic stress in dealing with life-threatening illnesses, injuries or painful medical procedures. About 20-30% of parents and 15-25% of children and their relatives even experience lasting traumatic stress that impedes daily functioning and affects the very course of treatment and recovery. The development and course of pediatric medical trauma is exemplified by the model of pediatric medical traumatic stress, which also outlines the goals of interventions for each stage of the course. In addition to the psychologist, health care staff also play an important role in preventing the trauma that can occur when treating children, adolescents and their parents. All professionals and healthcare professionals should strive to address and care for children, including awareness of and informing about trauma, and thus prevent or reduce the negative effects of trauma that can occur in the medical environment.

Keywords: children, adolescents, parents, medical trauma, cancer, intensive care


Cite:
Škorjanc, J., Kreft Hausmeister, I., & Klašnja, S. (2021). Pediatrični medicinski stres in travma [Pediatric medical stress and trauma]. Psihološka obzorja, 30, 162–170. https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.542


Reference list


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). CrossRef

Ben-Ari, A., Benarroch, F., Sela, Y., & Margalit, D. (2019). Risk factors for the development of medical stress syndrome following surgical intervention. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 55(9), 1685–1690. CrossRef

Bokszczanin, A. (2007). PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents 28 months after a flood: Age and gender differences. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20(3), 347–351. CrossRef

Bronner, M. B., Knoester, H., Bos, A. P., Last, B. F., & Grootenhuis, M. A. (2008). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children after paediatric intensive care treatment compared to children who survived a major fire disaster. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2(1). CrossRef

Edmondson, D. (2014). An enduring somatic threat model of posttraumatic stress disorder due to acute life-threatening medical events. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(3), 118–134. CrossRef

Hall, M. F., & Hall, S. E. (2016). Managing the psychological impact of medical trauma: A guide for mental health and health care professionals. Springer Publishing Company. CrossRef

Ingerski, L. M., Shaw, K., Gray, W. N., & Janicke, D. M. (2010). A pilot study comparing traumatic stress symptoms by child and parent report across pediatric chronic illness groups. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 31, 713–719. CrossRef

Jones, C., Baxkman, C., Capuzzo, M., Flaatten, H., Rylander, C., & Griffiths, R. D. (2007). Precipitants of post-traumatic stress disorder following intensive care: A hypothesis generating study of diversity in care. Intensive Care Medicine, 33, 978–985. CrossRef

Kassam-Adams, N., & Butler, L. (2017). What do clinicians caring for children need to know about pediatric medical traumatic stress and the ethics of trauma-informed approaches?AMA Journal of Ethics, 19(8), 793–801. CrossRef

Kazak, A. E., Kassam-Adams, N., Schneider, S., Zlikovsky, N., Alderfer, A. M., & Rourke, M. (2006). An integrative model of pediatric medical traumatic stress. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31(4), 343–355. CrossRef

Kazak, A. E., Rourke, T. M., Alderfer, A. M., Pai, A., Reilly, F. A., & Meadows, T. A. (2007). Evidence-based assessment, intervention and psychosocial care in pediatric oncology: A blueprint for comprehensive services across treatment. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32(9), 1099–1110. CrossRef

Levine, P. A., & Frederick, A. (1997). Waking the tiger, healing trauma. North Atlantic Books.

Levine, P. A., & Kline, M. (2018). Skupaj premagujmo travme in stres: Kako pri otrocih krepimo samozavest in psihično odpornost [Overcoming trauma and stress together: How to strengthen children's self-confidence and psychological resilience]. Mladinska knjiga.

Marsac, L. M., Kassam-Adams, N., Delahanty, L. D., Widaman F. K., & Barakat, P. L. (2014). Posttraumatic stress following acute medical trauma in children: A proposed model of bio/psycho/social processes during the peri-trauma period. Clinical Child Family Psychological Review, 17, 399–411. CrossRef

McCarthy, M. C., Ashley, D. M., Lee, K. J., & Anderson, V. A. (2012). Predictors of acute and posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents following their child's cancer diagnosis. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25, 558–566. CrossRef

Meiser-Stedman, R. A., Yule, W., Dalgleish, T. Smith, P., & Glucksman, E. (2006). The role of the family in child and adolescent posttraumatic stress following attendance at an emergency department, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31(4), 397–402. CrossRef

Nabors, L., & Kichler, J. (2016). Play therapy with children experiencing medical illness and trauma. V K. O'Connor, C. Schaefer in D. B. Braverman (ur.), Handbook of play therapy (str. 437–454). John Wiley and Sons. CrossRef

National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2003). Medical Trauma. https://www.nctsn.org/what-is-child-trauma/trauma-types/medical-trauma

Nelson, P. L., & Gold, I. J. (2012). Posttraumatic stress disorder in children and their parents following admission to the pediatric intensive care unit: A review. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 13(3), 338–347. CrossRef

Ostrowski, S. A., Christopher, N. C., & Delahanty, D. L. (2007). Brief report: The impact of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and child gender on risk for persistent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in child trauma victims. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32(3), 338–342. CrossRef

Pai, A. L. H., Greenley, R. N., Lewandowski, A., Drotar, D., Youngstrom, E., & Peterson, C. C. (2007). A meta-analytic review of the influence of pediatric cancer on parent and family functioning. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 407–415. CrossRef

Pai, A., & Kazak, E. A. (2006). Pediatric medical traumatic stress in pediatric oncology: Family system interventions. Current Opinion Pediatric, 18, 558–562. CrossRef

Patino-Fernandez, A. M., Pai, A., Alderfer, M., Hwang, W., Reilly, A., & Kazak, A. E. (2007). Acute stress in parents of children newly diagnosed with cancer. Pediatric Blood Cancer, 50, 289–292. CrossRef

Price, J., Kassam-Adams, N., Alderfer, M. A., Christofferson, J., & Kazak, A. E. (2015). Systematic review: A reevaluation and update of the Integrative (trajectory) model of pediatric medical traumatic stress. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 41(1), 86–97. CrossRef

Rees, G., Gledhill, J., Garralda, M. E., & Nadel, S. (2004). Psychiatric outcome following paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission: A cohort study. Intensive Care Medicine, 30(8), 1607–1614. CrossRef

Rennick, J. E., Morin, I., Kim, D., Johnston, C. C., Dougherty, G., & Platt, R. (2004). Identifying children at high risk for psychological sequelae after pediatric intensive care unit hospitalization. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 5(4), 358–363. CrossRef

Rennick, J. E., & Rashotte, J. (2009). Psychological outcomes in children following pediatric intensive care unit hospitalization: A systematic review of the research. Journal of Child Health Care, 12(2), 128–149. CrossRef


« Back to Volume 30 (2021)