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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

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« Nazaj na Letnik 29 (2020)

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Kognitivno-vedenjska obravnava debelosti pri otrocih in mladostnikih

Simona Klemenčič

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 102  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 27. marec 2020

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2020.29.510  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Debelost in čezmerna telesna teža pri otrocih in mladostnikih sta povezani s številnimi bolezenskimi stanji, nižjo kakovostjo življenja, čustvenimi težavami in težavami v vrstniških odnosih. Pri razvoju debelosti ima poleg genetskega materiala in osebnostnih značilnosti posameznikov ključno vlogo tudi širše družbeno okolje, otrokova družina in starševski vzgojni slog. Zato so terapevtski ukrepi pri obravnavi debelosti pri otrocih navadno vezani na celotno družino in skoraj vedno je pri tem potrebno sodelovanje z drugimi strokovnjaki, kot sta zdravnik in prehranski strokovnjak. V prispevku so predstavljena glavna načela kognitivno-vedenjske obravnave otrok z debelostjo ter najpogosteje uporabljene tehnike. Opisane tehnike naj bi bile del celostne individualne ali skupinske kognitivno-vedenjske terapije otroka s čezmerno telesno težo oz. debelostjo in njegove družine, nekatere pa so uporabne tudi posamezno in lahko veliko prispevajo h klasičnim oz. konservativnim programom za obravnavo debelosti. Pri mlajših otrocih se osredinimo predvsem na delo s starši in na vedenjske tehnike, medtem ko lahko pri mladostnikih že uporabljamo kognitivne tehnike, ki so bile razvite pretežno za odraslo populacijo.

Ključne besede: debelost, čustvene težave, otroci, starši, kognitivno-vedenjska terapija


Citiraj:
Klemenčič, S. (2020). Kognitivno-vedenjska obravnava debelosti pri otrocih in mladostnikih [Cognitive-behavioural therapy in children and adolescents with obesity]. Psihološka obzorja, 29, 52–58. https://doi.org/10.20419/2020.29.510


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« Nazaj na Letnik 29 (2020)