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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

Znanstveno-strokovna psihološka revija Društva psihologov Slovenije

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« Nazaj na Letnik 30 (2021)

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Napovedniki učinkovitosti treninga v različnih fazah treninga n-nazaj

Andrea Vranić, Marina Martinčević in Vedran Prpić

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 21  |  flagNapisan v angleščini.  |  Objavljeno: 7. maj 2021

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.530  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Številne raziskave so preučevale učinkovitost različnih kognitivnih treningov, pri čemer je bil delovni spomin najpogosteje trenirana kognitivna funkcija. Največ pozornosti so bili deležni izvršilni vidiki delovnega spomina in pri tem je bilo še posebej temeljito raziskano posodabljanje informacij. V pričujoči raziskavi smo z uporabo dobro uveljavljene paradigme, tj. paradigme n-nazaj, želeli preučiti, kakšen je prispevek fluidne inteligentnosti oz. sklepanja (gf) in osebnosti (nevroticizma in vestnosti) k učinkovitosti treninga posodabljanja informacij. Udeleženci (N = 47) so v 15 seansah skozi 4 tedne izvajali trening z nalogo dvojnega n-nazaj. Pred treningom smo s testom CFT-3 izmerili njihovo sposobnost fluidnega sklepanja, s testom IPIP-100 njihovo osebnost, reševali pa so tudi nalogo obsega operativnega spomina (t. i. nalogo OSPAN). OSPAN smo izmerili še v treh dodatnih časovnih točkah (po 5., 10. in 15. seansi treninga). Podatke smo analizirali s postopki večnivojskega modeliranja. Prvotna hipoteza je bila delno potrjena: (1) trening je bil učinkovit, saj je dosežek na nalogi OSPAN s časom linearno naraščal, naraščanje pa je bilo podobno pri različnih udeležencih; (2) čeprav je bila funkcija naraščanja dosežka pri različnih udeležencih podobna, smo našli medosebne razlike v presečiščih; (3) te razlike smo lahko delno pojasnili z medosebnimi razlikami v sposobnosti fluidnega sklepanja, ne pa tudi z razlikami v osebnostnih potezah vestnosti in nevroticizma.

Ključne besede: trening delovnega spomina, obseg delovnega spomina, dvojni n-nazaj, vestnost, nevroticizem


Citiraj:
Vranić, A., Martinčević, M. in Prpić, V. (2021). Predictors of training efficacy during n-back training. Psihološka obzorja, 30, 129–137. https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.530


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