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« Nazaj na Letnik 30 (2021)

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Učinek računalniškega kognitivnega treninga prostorske navigacije na kognitivne sposobnosti pri nadarjenih učencih

Barbara Slatenšek, Vojko Kavčič in Karin Bakračevič

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 30  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 7. maj 2021

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.532  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Prostorska navigacija je kompleksna kognitivna sposobnost, ki je nujna za vsakodnevno delovanje v okolju in je odvisna od širokega spektra kognitivnih sposobnosti. Namen pričujoče raziskave je bil preveriti učinek računalniškega kognitivnega treninga prostorske navigacije na povečanje obsega kratkoročnega spomina, delovnega spomina, vidnoprostorskega spomina in besednega spomina ter na izboljšanje hitrosti procesiranja informacij in izvršilnih funkcij pri nadarjenih učencih. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 28 učencev iz 5. in 6. razreda osnovne šole, ki so bili identificirani kot nadarjeni učenci na različnih področjih in so na testu inteligentnosti (Standardne progresivne matrike [SPM]) dosegli nadpovprečen rezultat. V eksperimentalni skupini (13 učencev) so nadarjeni učenci izvajali kognitivni trening z nalogami virtualnega labirinta v osmih srečanjih po 45 minut enkrat tedensko, medtem ko je bila kontrolna skupina pasivna. Rezultati so pokazali, da je bil kognitivni trening učinkovit, saj so nadarjeni učenci v eksperimentalni skupini v primerjavi z učenci iz kontrolne skupine po končanem treningu z virtualnim labirintom dosegli statistično pomembno boljše rezultate pri hitrosti procesiranja in pri takojšnjem priklicu vidnoprostorskega spomina. Rezultati naše raziskave kažejo na učinkovitost kognitivnega treninga tudi pri nadarjenih učencih z višjimi kognitivnimi sposobnostmi.

Ključne besede: prostorska navigacija, kognitivni trening, virtualni labirint, kognitivne sposobnosti, nadarjeni učenci


Citiraj:
Slatenšek, B., Kavčič, V. in Bakračevič, K. (2021). Učinek računalniškega kognitivnega treninga prostorske navigacije na kognitivne sposobnosti pri nadarjenih učencih [The effect of computerized cognitive training of spatial navigation on cognitive abilities in gifted pupils]. Psihološka obzorja, 30, 101–111. https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.532


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