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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

Znanstveno-strokovna psihološka revija Društva psihologov Slovenije

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« Nazaj na Letnik 31 (2022)

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Travma iz otroštva kot dejavnik samomorilnega vedenja tekom življenja pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola

Martina Šrajner, Nuša Zadravec Šedivy in Vita Poštuvan

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 267  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 11. marec 2022

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2022.31.546  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Slovenija predstavlja t. i. »mokro kulturo«, kjer je alkohol splošno sprejet. Najpogosteje zaradi škodljivega pitja posameznika trpi njegova družina, predvsem otroci, ki predstavljajo ranljivo skupino s povečanim tveganjem za duševne in telesne težave. Namen pričujoče raziskave je bil preveriti, ali prihaja do razlik v težavah v duševnem zdravju, v različnih oblikah samomorilnega vedenja in v pogostosti pojavljanja travme v otroštvu med posamezniki, ki so odraščali ob staršu s škodljivo rabo alkohola, in posamezniki, ki niso odraščali ob staršu s škodljivo rabo alkohola. Hkrati je bil namen preveriti odnos med samomorilnim vedenjem odraslih otrok staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola in pogostostjo pojavljanja travm iz otroštva ter proučiti morebitne napovednike samomorilnega vedenja tekom življenja pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola. Vzorec je zajemal 216 udeležencev; 106 posameznikov je bilo uvrščenih v skupino odraslih otrok staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola, preostalih 110 pa v primerjalno skupino. Odrasli otroci staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola so v primerjavi s primerjalno skupino pogosteje poročali o poskusu samomora v preteklosti ter o pogostejšem doživljanju fizične in čustvene zlorabe ter zanemarjanja. Ugotovljena je bila pozitivna povezava med čustvenim zanemarjanjem in občutkom, da je oseba drugim v breme, in sicer pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola. Doživljanje travme v otroštvu se je izkazalo kot najpomembnejši napovednik poskusa samomora v preteklosti pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola, medtem ko je misli o smrti najmočneje napovedoval občutek, da oseba drugim predstavlja breme. Na splošno rezultati nakazujejo, da travma, doživeta v otroštvu, lahko pomembno prispeva k poskusu samomora pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola.

Ključne besede: odrasli otroci staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola, samomorilno vedenje, zloraba, zanemarjanje


Citiraj:
Šrajner, M., Zadravec Šedivy, N. in Poštuvan, V. (2022). Travma iz otroštva kot dejavnik samomorilnega vedenja tekom življenja pri odraslih otrocih staršev s škodljivo rabo alkohola [Childhood trauma as a predictor of suicidal behaviour in life of adult children of parents with harmful alcohol consumption]. Psihološka obzorja, 31, 8–21. https://doi.org/10.20419/2022.31.546


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« Nazaj na Letnik 31 (2022)