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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

Znanstveno-strokovna psihološka revija Društva psihologov Slovenije

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« Nazaj na Letnik 32 (2023)

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Zakaj Platon potrebuje psihologijo? Predlog teoretičnega okvirja za raziskave o kognitivnem transferju učinkov študija klasičnih jezikov

Alexandra Vereeck, Mark Janse, Katja De Herdt, Arnaud Szmalec, Cathy Hauspie in Wouter Duyck

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 58  |  flagNapisan v angleščini.  |  Objavljeno: 3. december 2023

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.580  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Psihologija je ena od sedmih vozliščnih znanosti, kar po eni strani psihologom nalaga veliko odgovornost, po drugi pa tako za psihologe kot druge znanstvenike prinaša mnogo priložnosti. Navedeno je bila tudi tema 17. Evropskega kongresa psihologije, ki ga je organiziralo Društvo psihologov Slovenije. V članku je podrobno predstavljen primer delovanja psihologije kot vozliščne znanosti. Raziskava svojo vsebino črpa iz na videz nepovezanega področja klasične filologije. Poučevanje latinščine in stare grščine ima v Evropi večstoletno tradicijo, še danes pa se teh jezikov učijo številni dijaki. Hkrati pa je tradicija učenja klasičnih jezikov tudi predmet očitkov, saj so ti v sodobni družbi pogosto zaznani kot nepomembni. Klasični filologi so zato prisiljeni, da branijo sam obstoj svoje stroke. Eden od njihovih argumentov je ta, da ima študij klasičnih jezikov pozitiven učinek na jezikovne in splošne spoznavne zmožnosti dijakov. Ta predpostavka je tesno povezana s splošnim vprašanjem transferja pri učenju, ki že dolgo zaposluje filozofe in psihologe. Edini način, da to tezo podpremo, je da se zatečemo k psihološki metodi. Članek predstavlja prvi celostno elaboriran teoretični okvir za opisovanje kognitivnega učinka učenja klasičnih jezikov in utira pot za metodološko ustrezno in rigorozno raziskovanje na tem področju. Teoretični okvir izhaja iz kognitivnega transferja kot osrednjega konstrukta in ga združuje z vpogledi iz psihološke in druge literature. Tako se vzpostavi plodna interakcija: ne samo, da psihologija prispeva k pomembnosti raziskovanja klasičnih jezikov, ampak s poseganjem na nova področja znanja oplaja tudi kognitivno psihologijo in psiholingvistiko.

Ključne besede: vozliščna znanost, kognitivni transfer, transfer učenja, poučevanje klasičnih jezikov


Citiraj:
Vereeck, A., Janse, M., De Herdt, K., Szmalec, A., Hauspie, C. in Duyck, W. (2023). Why Plato needs psychology. Proposal for a theoretical framework underpinning research on the cognitive transfer effects of studying classical languages. Psihološka obzorja, 121–130. https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.580


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« Nazaj na Letnik 32 (2023)