Risk factors and psychological treatment of chronic pain in children and adolescents
Abstract: This contribution is a systematical overview of risk factors and psychological treatment of children and adolescents with chronic pain syndrome. The paper describes a wide range of individual and interpersonal risk factors for development of chronic pain in children and adolescents. Dealing with chronic pain leaves in children and adolescents important consequences, which are reflected in the individual’s quality of life, cognitive functioning, experience of self and body, integration in the peer group and sports activities, and the inclusion in the school. Effective treatment of chronic pain is interdisciplinary and the psychological approach represents an important part of it. In this contribution, we described the psychological assessment of the individual and it’s pain. We also addressed psychotherapeutic interventions, which are tied to the individual and his family.
Keywords: chronic pain, children, adolescents, risk factors, psychological approach
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