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Horizons of Psychology :: Psihološka obzorja

Scientific and Professional Psychological Journal of the Slovenian Psychologists' Association

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Cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with tic disorders

Jana Kodrič

pdf Full text (pdf)  |  Views: 195  |  flagWritten in Slovene.  |  Published: March 27, 2020

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Abstract: The article provides an overview of tic disorders and empirically supported cognitive-behavioural techniques for treating tics and helping children and adolescents to learn effective coping skills to manage the adverse psychosocial consequences the ticks may produce. The article first defines and describes tics and tic disorders, it presents the epidemiological data, the course of the disorder, its comorbid conditions and the psychosocial consequences of tics, assessment methods and indications for treatment. The second part of the article focuses on the description of cognitive-behavioural treatment methods compliant with the clinical guidelines for the treatment of tic disorders. Psychoeducation and two of the most studied and empirically supported behavioural techniques – habit reversal training and exposure with response prevention – targeting tics directly, are described in more detail. The results of empirical research corroborating the effectiveness of the behavioural treatments of tics are provided. Other cognitive-behavioural techniques aimed at managing adverse psychosocial consequences and co-occurring problems are also presented. Finally, the requirements for effective cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with tics are discussed together with ideas for the dissemination of knowledge of specific therapeutic methods among cognitive-behavioural therapists in Slovenia.

Keywords: tic disorders, habit reversal training, exposure with response prevention, cognitive-behavioural therapy

Kodrič, J. (2020). Kognitivno-vedenjska terapija otrok in madostnikov z motnjami tikov [Cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with tic disorders]. Psihološka obzorja, 29, 59–68.

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