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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

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« Nazaj na Letnik 29 (2020)

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Kognitivno-vedenjska terapija otrok in madostnikov z motnjami tikov

Jana Kodrič

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 238  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 27. marec 2020

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2020.29.511  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: V članku je predstavljen pregled motenj tikov in empirično utemeljenih kognitivno-vedenjskih tehnik za neposredno zmanjševanje tikov ter učenje učinkovitih strategij spoprijemanja z neugodnimi psihosocialnimi posledicami tikov pri otrocih in mladostnikih. V prvem delu so opisani tiki in motnje tikov, epidemiološki podatki o motnji tikov, potek motnje, pridružene težave in psihosocialne posledice tikov, načini ocenjevanja ter indikacije za zdravljenje. V drugem delu so skladno s kliničnimi smernicami za obravnavo motenj tikov predstavljene kognitivno-vedenjske metode njihovega zdravljenja. Podrobneje so opisane psihoedukacija ter najbolj proučevani in z empiričnimi dokazi podprti vedenjski tehniki, učenje nadomestnega odziva in izpostavljanje s preprečevanjem odziva, ki sta namenjeni neposrednemu zmanjševanju tikov. Navedeni so izsledki empiričnih raziskav, ki potrjujejo njihovo učinkovitost. V članku so predstavljene tudi druge kognitivno-vedenjske tehnike, namenjene spoprijemanju z neugodnimi psihosocialnimi posledicami tikov in pridruženih težav. Članek je sklenjen z opisom zahtev za izvedbo učinkovite kognitivno-vedenjske terapije pri otrocih in mladostnikih s tiki ter razmišljanjem o načinih, s katerimi bi lahko razširili znanje o specifičnih terapevtskih pristopih za obravnavo otrok in mladostnikov s tiki med kognitivno-vedenjskimi terapevti v Sloveniji.

Ključne besede: motnje tikov, učenje nadomestnega odziva, izpostavljanje s preprečevanjem odziva, kognitivno-vedenjska terapija


Citiraj:
Kodrič, J. (2020). Kognitivno-vedenjska terapija otrok in madostnikov z motnjami tikov [Cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with tic disorders]. Psihološka obzorja, 29, 59–68. https://doi.org/10.20419/2020.29.511


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