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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

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« Nazaj na Letnik 30 (2021)

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Zgodnja navezanost med malčkom in staršem kot napovednik kakovosti prijateljstva otrok v srednjem otroštvu

Nika Čermak in Ljubica Marjanovič Umek

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 246  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 12. februar 2021

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.525  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Osrednja predpostavka teorije navezanosti je, da se varnost navezanosti in model zgodnjega odnosa med dojenčkom in staršem ali skrbnikom odražata tudi v drugih medosebnih odnosih, vključno s prijateljstvi, skozi življenje. Odnos med otrokom v različnih razvojnih obdobjih in staršem ali skrbnikom tako velja za enega pomembnih napovednikov socialnega razvoja otrok. V pričujoči raziskavi smo preučili vzdolžno povezavo med zgodnjo navezanostjo malčkov in kakovostjo njihovih prijateljstev v srednjem otroštvu. V vzorec je bilo vključenih 129 malčkov (52 % dečkov), iz prvotnega vzorca pa je pri drugem merjenju sodelovalo 118 otrok. Pri starosti 15 mesecev smo navezanost malčkov ocenili z Vprašalnikom o navezanosti (AQS), pri 9 letih pa smo kot mere kakovosti prijateljstva uporabili samooceno, oceno opazovalcev ter sociometrično preizkušnjo. Med varnostjo navezanosti in opazovano kakovostjo prijateljstva obstaja pomembna povezanost, medtem ko navezanost ni bila neposredno povezana s samooceno kakovosti prijateljstva in številom recipročnih prijateljstev otrok. Predpostavili smo tudi model poti, s katerim smo preverili povezave med navezanostjo in kakovostjo prijateljstva. Individualna kakovost interakcije otrok se je izkazala kot pomemben mediator varne navezanosti pri napovedovanju medvrstniške kompetentnosti, ki se kaže v številu recipročnih prijateljstev. Statistično pomembne, a zmerne povezave kažejo na zmeren učinek varne navezanosti na kakovost prijateljstva v srednjem otroštvu.

Ključne besede: navezanost, prijateljstvo, medvrstniški odnosi, psihosocialni razvoj, vzdolžna študija


Citiraj:
Čermak, N. in Marjanovič Umek, L. (2021). Zgodnja navezanost med malčkom in staršem kot napovednik kakovosti prijateljstva otrok v srednjem otroštvu [Early toddler-parent attachment as a predictor of the quality of children’s friendship in middle childhood]. Psihološka obzorja, 30, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.20419/2021.30.525


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