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« Nazaj na Letnik 32 (2023)

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Separacija-individuacija skozi pogled psihoanalize in nevrobiologije

Timotej Glavač

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 121  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 15. junij 2023

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.574  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Proces separacije-individuacije se začne odvijati v zgodnjem otroštvu in igra pomembno vlogo tudi v mladostništvu in prehodu v odraslost. Neuspešno razrešen proces ima za posameznike lahko dolgoročne neprijetne posledice v obliki težav v psihosocialnem delovanju, simptomih depresije in anksioznosti ter psihiatričnih motnjah. Začetna pojmovanja separacije-individuacije so se v večji meri osredotočala na okoljske dejavnike, ki lahko vodijo do težav v zdravi razrešitvi procesa. Z novejšimi raziskavami s področij genetike in nevroznanosti pa se je v zadnjih letih izboljšalo razumevanje nevrobioloških temeljev separacije-individuacije. Raziskave na živalskih modelih so pokazale, da se separacijska anksioznost, temeljno čustvo, ki spremlja separacijo-individuacijo, pojavlja tudi pri vseh sesalcih, kar nakazuje na evolucijske izvore procesa. Iz vedenjsko genetskih raziskav je razvidno, da ima motnja separacijske anksioznosti pomembno mero dedljivosti. Raziskave s področja molekularne genetike pa so identificirale posamezne gene, ki se povezujejo s povečanim doživljanjem separacijske anksioznosti in pojavnostjo motnje separacijske anksioznosti. V prispevku so predstavljene raziskave, ki nakazujejo na pomen upoštevanja tako okoljskih kot genetskih dejavnikov pri razumevanju procesa separacije-individuacije.

Ključne besede: separacija-individuacija, separacijska anksioznost, psihosocialno delovanje, nevrobiologija, genetika


Citiraj:
Glavač, T. (2023). Separacija-individuacija skozi pogled psihoanalize in nevrobiologije [Separation-individuation in the light of psychoanalysis and neurobiology]. Psihološka obzorja, 32, 60–70. https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.574


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