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Psihološka obzorja :: Horizons of Psychology

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« Nazaj na Letnik 32 (2023)

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Prevalenca pediatričnega medicinskega travmatskega stresa pri otrocih z rakom in njihovih starših

Sandra Klašnja Hafner, Ivana Kreft Hausmeister, Marko Kavčič in Robert Masten

pdf Polno besedilo (pdf)  |  Ogledi: 166  |  flagNapisan v slovenščini.  |  Objavljeno: 27. december 2023

pdf https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.582  |  Citati: CrossRef (0)

Povzetek: Pediatrični medicinski travmatski stres (PMTS) je niz psiholoških in fizioloških odzivov otrok ter njihovih staršev na bolečino, poškodbe, hude bolezni in druge izkušnje z medicinskim okoljem. Pri pediatrični obliki raka je najvišja prevalenca PMTS, saj vključuje niz stresorjev, ki sprožijo številne negativne psihološke odzive. Z raziskavo smo želeli proučiti prisotnost PMTS pri otrocih, obolelih za rakom, in njihovih starših zaradi soočanja s težko boleznijo in zapleti zdravljenja glede na spol, vrsto raka, trajanje in intenzivnost zdravljenja ter hospitalizacije v enoti za intenzivno terapijo otrok. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 183 staršev ter 62 otrok in mladostnikov, ki so bili ali so se v času raziskave še zdravili na Kliničnem oddelku za otroško hematologijo in onkologijo Pediatrične klinike v Ljubljani. Podatke smo zbrali s pomočjo Lestvice intenzivnosti zdravljenja – IRT-2, Ček liste posttravmatske stresne motnje/starši za otroke – PCL-C/PR, Ček liste posttravmatske stresne motnje – PCL-5 in Lestvice simptomov posttravmatske stresne motnje pri otroku – CPSS-5. Ugotovili smo, da je PMTS prisoten tako pri otrocih kot pri njihovih starših. Ugotovitve bodo prispevale k sistematičnemu uvajanju ukrepov za preprečevanje PMTS in k prizadevanju za oskrbo, ki vključuje zavedanje in ozaveščanje o travmi pri otrocih z rakom.

Ključne besede: onkologija, otroci, pediatrični medicinski travmatski stres PMTS, posttravmatski stresni simptomi PTSS, rak


Citiraj:
Klašnja Hafner, S., Kreft Hausmeister, I., Kavčič, M. in Masten, R. (2023). Prevalenca pediatričnega medicinskega travmatskega stresa pri otrocih z rakom in njihovih starših [Prevalence of pediatric medical traumatic stress in children with cancer and their parents]. Psihološka obzorja, 32, 212–220. https://doi.org/10.20419/2023.32.582


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